World Hypertension Day 2016

World Hypertension Day 2016 lightbox[Hypertension eng]World Hypertension Day 2016


World Hypertension Day 2016


World Hypertension Day is celebrated every year on 17th of May to raise the common public awareness about the hypertension, its preventive measures and complications, through the variety of activities and events.

 World Hypertension Day is celebrated every year using a particular theme of the year selected by the World Hypertension League to make the campaign more effective on international level. It has been recommended by the WHL that BP should be less than 140/90 mmHg for general population and hypertensive population without complications whereas for people with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease, it should be less than 130/80 mmHg.

 The theme for 2016 is “Know Your Blood Pressure”.


What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is a condition called high blood pressure during which the arterial blood pressure raises to high level from the normal level (120/80 mmHg). It is medical condition called as silent killer as it does not show any clear symptoms however severe hypertension show some symptoms of headaches, sleepiness, palpitation, blurred vision, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, ringing sensation in the ears, breathing difficulty, irregular heartbeat.

It is divided in two types (primary or essential hypertension and secondary hypertension) on the basis of its causing factors. The primary hypertension is more common type however its causes are unknown. Whereas, causes of secondary hypertension are kidney damage, adrenal gland over-activity, sleep apnea syndrome, tumors, recreational drugs, thyroid gland dysfunctioning, aortic coarctation, pregnancy-related conditions, over or wrong medications, alcoholic drinks, bad food and etc.


Share this  

Seasonal allergies!

Seasonal allergies lightbox[Allergies eng]Seasonal allergies


Seasonal allergies!

Spring came, but not for everyone this season is welcome. The flowering trees warns recurrence of allergies caused by pollen, which are in the air ready for an allergic attack.

 What is allergy?

Allergy is an immune system response to a surrounding environment substance (pollen, mold, dust ...) called allergens.

Allergy is a very common condition that affects at least 2 to 10 people.

 What happens during an allergic reaction?

After the person is exposed to an allergen by inhalation, ingestion or skin, a series of physiological events occur in the body as a result of immune response associated with production of specific antibodies called IgE. These antibodies are linked with allergen causing a chain of chemical reactions that release histamine, responsible for the appearance of allergy symptoms such as:

  • itching,
  • sneezing
  • runny nose
  • rash
  • difficulty in breathing etc ...

 Treatment of seasonal allergies

Nowadays there are different treatment of allergies

Treatment with antihistamines drugs:

  • Cetirizine (Alcea)
  • Ketotifen (Ketofex)
  • Loratadine (Loraderm, Lorade)
  • Mebhydrolin (Mebhidroline)

 Treatment with decongestants:

  • Naphazoline (NAFAZOLINA Spray)

 Treatment with leukotriene inhibitors:

  • Montelukast (Montelucast)

In the cases of allergies more severe, which cause systemic effects in addition to local symptoms such as: difficulty in breathing, decreased blood pressure or anaphylactic reactions, are very necessary medical examinations and immediate treatment with cortisone (Prednisone, Prodexa).


Share this  

World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2016

World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2016 lightbox[WDSHW eng]World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2016


World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2016

 The theme for the 2016 World Day for Safety and Health at Work is “Workplace Stress: A collective challenge”

 The annual World Day for Safety and Health at Work on 28 April promotes the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally. It is an awareness-raising campaign intended to focus international attention on the magnitude of the problem and on how promoting and creating a safety and health culture can help reduce the number of work-related deaths and injuries.

 Today, many workers are facing greater pressure to meet the demands of modern working life. Psychosocial risks such as increased competition, higher expectations on performance and longer working hours are contributing to the workplace becoming an ever more stressful environment. With the pace of work dictated by instant communications and high levels of global competition, the lines separating work from life are becoming more and more difficult to identify. In addition, due to the significant changes labour relations and the current economic recession, workers are experiencing organizational changes and restructuring, reduced work opportunities, increasing precarious work , the fear of losing their jobs, massive layoffs and unemployment and decreased financial stability, with serious consequences to their mental health and well-being.


Share this  

World Hemophilia Day 2016

World Hemophilia Day 2016 lightbox[hemofilia eng]World Hemophilia Day 2016


World Hemophilia Day 2016


World Hemophilia Day is an international observance held on April 17, 2016 by the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH). It is an awareness day for hemophilia and other bleeding disorders, which also serves to raise funds and attract volunteers for the WFH. It was started in 1989 and is held annually; April 17 was chosen in honor of Frank Schnabel's birthday. Frank Schnabel established the WFH in 1963.


Haemophilia is a group of hereditary genetic disorders that impair the body's ability to control blood clotting or coagulation, which is used to stop bleeding when a blood vessel is broken. Hemophiliacs (people with hemophilia) have lower levels of clotting factor in the the blood and bleeding continues for much longer periods.

There are two types of hemophilia. Hemophilia A is linked to low levels of clotting factor VIII (8). Hemophilia B is more rare and is associated with low levels of clotting factor IX (9). Hemophilia is diagnosed by taking a blood sample and testing the levels of clotting factor VIII & IX.


Haemophilia A is the most common form of the disorder, present in about 1 in 5,000 – 10,000 male births. Haemophilia B occurs in around 1 in about 20,000 – 34,000 male births.

Each type of hemophilia causes prolonged bleeding which is the main symptom of hemophilia. Bleeding can range from mild to severe. Bleeding is often internal, although people can bleed outside the body too.


Left untreated, severe cases of hemophilia can lead to an early death. However, there are successful treatment options available, and if managed, people with hemophilia are largely unaffected by this condition living full and healthy lives. Treatments for hemophilia involve injecting the missing clotting factor into the bloodstream.


Unfortunately, there are many people in the world, who receive poor treatment or no treatment at all, for hemophilia and related bleeding disorders. According to the World Federation of Hemophilia, about 1 in every 1000 person has a bleeding disorder; many are left untreated. The aim of World Hemophilia Day is to raise awareness about hemophilia and increase the availability of treatments for this condition around the world.


The slogan for World Hemophilia Day 2016 is 'Close The Gap'.



Share this  

World Health Day 2016

World Health Day 2016 lightbox[whdeng]World Health Day 2016


World Health Day 2016

 World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April every year to mark the anniversary of the founding of WHO in 1948. Each year a theme is selected that highlights a priority area of public health. The theme for World Health Day 2016 will be diabetes, a noncommunicable disease (NCD) directly impacting millions of people of globally, mostly in low- and middle-income countries.


Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. The hormone insulin regulates blood sugar, or glucose. There are three major types of diabetes:

  1. Type I diabetes, which is the most frequent among children and adolescents;
  2. Type II diabetes, which is the most frequent among adults and it is linked to obesity or overweight, lack of physical activity, poor nutrition, family history, high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol/triglyceride levels, smoking and alcohol;
  3. Gestational diabetes which is a complication of pregnancy that affects an estimated 10% of pregnancies globally.

Raised blood sugar, a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes, may over time lead to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.

If left uncontrolled diabetes can lead to other major complications such as:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Neuropathy
  • Retinopathy
  • Kidney disease
  • Peripheral vascular disease, amputations



To help prevent type II diabetes and its complications, people should:

  • achieve and maintain healthy body weight;
  • be physically active – at least 30 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity activity on most days. More activity is required for weight control;
  • eat healthy and reduce sugar and saturated fats intake;
  • avoid tobacco use – smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases.



Share this