Spring came, but not for everyone this season is welcome. The flowering trees warns recurrence of allergies caused by pollen, which are in the air ready for an allergic attack.
What is allergy?
Allergy is an immune system response to a surrounding environment substance (pollen, mold, dust ...) called allergens.
Allergy is a very common condition that affects at least 2 to 10 people.
What happens during an allergic reaction?
After the person is exposed to an allergen by inhalation, ingestion or skin, a series of physiological events occur in the body as a result of immune response associated with production of specific antibodies called IgE. These antibodies are linked with allergen causing a chain of chemical reactions that release histamine, responsible for the appearance of allergy symptoms such as:
- runny nose
- difficulty in breathing etc ...
Treatment of seasonal allergies
Nowadays there are different treatment of allergies
Treatment with antihistamines drugs:
- Cetirizine (Alcea)
- Ketotifen (Ketofex)
- Loratadine (Loraderm, Lorade)
- Mebhydrolin (Mebhidroline)
Treatment with decongestants:
- Naphazoline (NAFAZOLINA Spray)
Treatment with leukotriene inhibitors:
- Montelukast (Montelucast)
In the cases of allergies more severe, which cause systemic effects in addition to local symptoms such as: difficulty in breathing, decreased blood pressure or anaphylactic reactions, are very necessary medical examinations and immediate treatment with cortisone (Prednisone, Prodexa).